Impact of industrial effluent on water quality and benthic macro invertebrate diversity in fresh water ponds in Midnapore district of west Bengal, India
Partha Pratim Chakravorty, Monalisa Sinha and Susanta Kumar Chakraborty
A study on the impact of industrial effluent discharge on the distribution and biodiversity of benthic macro-invertebrates and water quality of a fresh water pond, in Gokulpur, West Bengal, India near Tata metaliks (a metal refinery) was carried out during April 2009-March 2010. Two ponds were chosen for this study of which one was used as control. Comparing the physico-chemical parameters in two ponds it was seen that pond G had higher hardness, total suspended solid, pH, phosphate, hydrogen sulphide, cyanide, heavy metals like lead, cadmium and mercury. The total no of macro-benthic taxa and their overall richness indices and diversity indices were higher at pond in Santipukur, (44 taxa) than pondin Gokulpur (22 taxa). The pond S was dominated by Ephemeroptera, Hemiptera where as other order found in small quantities included Coleoptera, Diptera, Molluscs, Crustacea and Odonata. On the other hand pond G was mainly dominated by tolerant Diptera and Hemiptera. The relationship between physico-chemical parameter and macrobenthic data were investigated by Pearson correlation analysis .This statistical analysis showed that richness and diversity indices in pond G were mainly influenced by water hardness, total suspended solid, phosphate, hydrogen sulphide, lead and cyanide. It was also seen that a lot of species that were present in pond S were absent in pond G. CCA ordination biplot showed the presence of benthic macro-invertebrates in pond G was due to their strong and positive correlation with environmental variables.
Partha Pratim Chakravorty, Monalisa Sinha and Susanta Kumar Chakraborty. Impact of industrial effluent on water quality and benthic macro invertebrate diversity in fresh water ponds in Midnapore district of west Bengal, India. 2014; 2(3): 93-101.