Butterflies and their contribution in ecosystem: A review
Butterflies play vitalrnrole in the ecosystem, there is co-evolutionary relationship betweenrnbutterflies and plants, their lives are interlinked. Butterflies are alsorncalled flying flower, displaying its beauty. These insects enhance thernaesthetic value of the environments by their exquisite wing colors. Butterfliesrnare the wild indicators of the ecosystem; these insects tell us everythingrnabout the healthier ecosystem. These are effective pollinators, butterflies visitrnthe flower to eat nectar and this is mutually beneficial relationship. Somernspecies of butterflies migrate over long distance; carry pollen to be sharedrnacross plants which are far apart from one another. This migration of pollensrninduces genetic variation in plants species and give a better chance atrnsurvival against different disease. These insects also provide food for otherrnorganisms, for example; birds, reptiles amphibians and also acts as biologicalrnpest control. But the population of these insects decline rapidly due to humanrnactivities, habitat destruction, uses of pesticides and unawareness of peoplernabout the importance of flying flowers.