The present experiment deals with the locally availability of fishes under capture fishery from Gandak river in Dholi region as well as culture fishery by pond, and the social status of fisher family of this region is well discussed in this. The experience of the Sahani community with started in the Bihar. The non-sahani community people are also dominating fishing practice in the state. This paper mainly aims to focus socio-economic conditions of fisher family of Dholi village. Both primary and secondary data are collected by asking questionnaire and also with the help of some news articles as well as survey report of Animal & Fish Resource Department, Bihar. The study clearly shows that the condition of fisher family of Dholi village is not good. Regarding educational condition, boys are significantly higher in number than girls. However women come forward through reservation under the road map of Animal & Fish Resource Department, Bihar that allows women to nominate for fishery election. In particular area committees are formed by Sahani people, known as Matshay Jeevi Committee which is also registered under Animal & Fish Resource Department, Bihar. The housing conditions of fisher families are not too bad. In terms of fishing, Sahani community as well as Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribe get subsidy up to 90% and other OBC get up to 50% of subsidy from state government. These all benefits reached to fisher family through Matshay Jeevi Committee with the survey under Animal & Fish Resource Department, Bihar. Training programs are also arranged for fishermen inside as well as outside of the Bihar state. With the implementation of these programs, they should learn the modern technologies and develop fishing.
Dheeraj Kumar, Ruchi Mehta, Rakhi Yadav, Shivam Kumar and Manoranjan Kumar. Studies on fisheries status and socio-economic conditions of fisher community in Dholi region, Muzaffarpur, Bihar, India. 2018; 6(3): 76-80.