Electroretinogram as a diagnostic tool in veterinary practice
Dinesh Kumar, S Rai, VP Chandrapuria, Umeel and S Tekam
The cranial cruciate ligament or anterior cruciate ligament is the ligament that usually tears in dogs and more frequently seen in overweight, neutered, middle-aged dogs. There are two ligaments within the knee joint that form a cross or x-shape, thus the name cruciate ligaments. The ligaments do not have a good blood supply and no mechanism for repairing themselves. For diagnosis of cranial cruciate ligament tears or ruptures, acute lameness with the characteristic “toe-touching” gait or as a chronic lameness may be an important sign but for confirmatory diagnosis Cranial Drawer Test is mostly done with radiographic examination. There are a number of non-surgical and surgical treatment options are available.