The study of insects diversity and composition within El Musawwarat area from (2008- 2012), Shendi, Sudan
Esra Elfaki, Mukhtar Hassan, Rufaida Adm, EltaibElkheder and Sami saaeed
Within the semi desert region, the spatial variation in vegetation types is expected to affect both the density and diversity of insects. This study looked at the comparative analysis of insects in El Musawwarat area in semi desert area near Shendi, Naher Elneel state, Sudan. Also the distributions of the insects, according to vegetation types have been assessed. Insects collected from the study area in the period (2008-2012), using dishes, 30 cm × 10 cm. Which has been put in transect (50 m), and also Butterfly nets have been used for flying insects. A total number of 1142 individuals representing 17 Insects Orders, Collembola, Thysanura, Odonata, Ephemeroptera, Embioptera, Dictyoptera, Isoptera, Dermaptera, Phasmida, Orthoptera, Neuroptera, Thysanoptera, Diptera, Coleoptera, Hemiptera, lepidoptera and Hymenopter. Diptera showed higher abundance and diversity in the families compared to other insects’ orders which had 248 individuals represented by 14 families. Order Thysanoptera showed minimum abundance in the overall collection. Results revealed no difference in diversity of insects between different study periods. Furthermore the averages of insects were caught from inside more than outside. In addition, insects showed activity during the day more than night. In general, these results indicate that the community of insects at El Musawwarat area is characterized by considerable stability against spatial and temporal environmental fluctuations. This study aimed to be a pilot for future studies for El Musawwarat insects.
Esra Elfaki, Mukhtar Hassan, Rufaida Adm, EltaibElkheder, Sami saaeed. The study of insects diversity and composition within El Musawwarat area from (2008- 2012), Shendi, Sudan. J Entomol Zool Stud 2015;3(1):264-269.