Response of pea varieties to insect pests in Peshawar
Ashraf Khan, Imtiaz Ali Khan, Komal Habib
An experiment to determine response of pea varieties to insect pests in Peshawar was conducted at the New Developmental Farm, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar during 2013-14. Seven pea varieties including Climax (New Zealand NTL), Classic, Leader, Azad P-1, PF-400, Meteor and Peshawar Local (Check) were tested treatments. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. The results revealed that density of pea leaf miner, Chromatomyia horticola Goureau was significantly higher on Azad P-1 (7.21 leaflet-1) and lower on Climax (5.85 leaflet-1). Peshawar Local was significantly highly infested by pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum Harris (5.34 leaf-1) while Climax was less infested (3.66 leaf-1). Thrips, Caliothrips sp. infestation was higher on the leaves of Meteor (1.80 leaf-1) and lower on Climax (1.64 leaf-1) as well as Peshawar Local (1.64 leaf-1). The data showed that Climax gave significantly higher (4235.81 t/ha) pea yield. It was concluded that Climax yielded more and also found comparatively more resistant to the attack of insect pests as compared to all other varieties. Climax variety should be brought under cultivation for its comparatively high resistance and more production and further research on its other physico-morphic plant characters should be carried out.