Efficacy of different lures in male annihilation technique of peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae)
Saeed Khan, Sajid Hussain, Fazal Maula, Muhammad Asif Khan, Imran Shinwari
With regard to significance of Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) as a serious pest of fruit and vegetable in Pakistan, methyl eugenol, cue-lure and protein hydrolysate were used for monitoring the population and infestation of peach fruit fly in peach orchards in Tehsil Matta Swat, Pakistan. Pheromone traps were prepared from 2cc of methyl eugenol, cue-lure, and protein hydrolysate, with mixture of sugar and 2g poison linate. The peach fruit fly (PFF), B. zonata adults come in descending order as follows: methyl eugenol > cue-lure > protein hydrolysate. The prepared solutions of methyl eugenol and cue-lure attracted PFF male with significantly high numbers in comparison to female while protein hydrolysate highly attracted female as compared to male. The results indicate that male peach fruit fly is highly attractive to methyl eugenol and with the help of methyl pheromone trap we can easily reduce the population of adults peach fruit fly. The 2cc of lure and 2g of poison linate can attract the peach fruit fly, B. zonata from a distance of 1km and killed easily up to 15 days. This “attract and kill” system combining male lure and toxicant is the most effective in suppressing fruit fly males. Thus, results show that there is potential to use methyl eugenol in B. zonata male annihilation techniques (MAT).
Saeed Khan, Sajid Hussain, Fazal Maula, Muhammad Asif Khan, Imran Shinwari. Efficacy of different lures in male annihilation technique of peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae). J Entomol Zool Stud 2015;3(4):164-168.