Species composition, relative abundance and habitats of mosquito fauna of District Upper Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa-Pakistan
Manzar ud Din, Imtiaz Ali Khan
A study was conducted to determine the species composition, relative abundance and seasonal variation of mosquito fauna of District Upper Dir in 2014. A total of 1241 species; 712 male (57.37%) and 529 female (42.63%), comprising of nine species of four genera, were collected from four localities, namely Barawal (278), Sheringal (381), Wari (356) and Dir City (226) of the District Upper Dir. Three species each of Anopheles and Culex, two species of Aedes and one species of Culiseta were recorded. The insect species recorded were Culex quinquefasciatus, Culex mimeticus, Culex theileri, Anopheles maculates, Anopheles stephensi, Anopheles annularis, Aedes albopictus, Aedes shortii and Culiseta longiareolata. Mosquito species were found in water, field crops, animal sheds and human dwellings habitats. Monthly variation and abundance studied from April to November revealed that out of total number of 1241 samples recorded there were highest number of 357 of Cu. quinquefasciatus and lower number of 3 of Cu. longiareolata. The present results might be helpful in devising pest management strategies against the mosquito species of District Dir Upper.