Bionomics of phlebotomine sandfly species in west Alexandria, Egypt
Randa M Ali, Naguiba F Loutfy, Osama M Awad, Nadia K Suliman
A Longitudinal entomological survey was carried out in four demographically different provinces at West of Alexandria governorate, Egypt from May to November 2010. Oiled paper "sticky traps" was employed during the breeding season to determine monthly trends in species composition, density and sex ratio. Temperature and relative humidity were recorded by manual thermo-hygrometer once per month in each province. Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli) was the only anthropophagic species found. One hundred and forty three p. papatasi were collected; the highest prevalence was 44.8% in Al-Hawareya while Marakya was free of sandflies, with male to female sex ratio 1:1.6 and two peaks of abundance in both July and September. Out of the collected sandflies, 51.7% were from interior traps while 48.3% were from exterior traps. The highest number of sandfly was recorded in both July and September while the lowest monthly abundance was in November.