Mosquitoes play an important role in global disease transmission. The diseases that they transmit impact directly on the human and animal health. Our study aimed the evaluation of two blood meals (Cattle blood and Chicken blood), on the duration of the development, the biochemical composition of ovaries and the reproductive parameters in Anopheles maculipennis Meigen, 1818. Data showed that the fecundity was significantly higher (p<0.001) with the Cattle blood (192.9±77.37 eggs laid/female) as compared to the Chicken blood (95.8±33.35 eggs laid/female). However, there was no significant difference (p=0.155) between the two tested bloods on the fertility (Cattle blood 69.25±17.84% and Chicken blood 62.65±16.89%). In addition, the Chicken blood significantly reduced the duration of embryonic development, fourth larval instar and pupal stage, and increased the amounts of main biochemical components as compared with the Cattle blood.
Djamila Benhamed, Fatiha Bendali-Saoudi, Noureddine Soltani. Effect of two blood meal types on reproduction and developmentin the mosquito Anopheles maculipennis. J Entomol Zool Stud 2016;4(2):335-339.