Impact of the surface water physicochemical parameters on Culicidae (Diptera: Nematocera) of lakeside Ecosystem "Sebkhet Ezzemoul" (Oum El Bouaghi -Algeria)
Nassima Messai, Amel Aouati and Sélima Berchi
Sebkhet Ezzemoul, wet area of international importance, is a site considered to establish a systematic inventory and study the ecology of mosquitoes. To this end, we analyzed their habitat by the determination of ecosystem surface water physicochemical parameters, followed their spatial and temporal variations and their Culicidae various species impacts. The species identified belong to two subfamilies: Anophélinae with one genus Anopheles and Culicinae with two genera Aedes and Culiseta. The Aedes genusis represented best by far particularly with the species Aedes dorsalis and Aedes detritus, which the presence is in relation to the type of prospected lodging. In this study, the salinity seems to be a parameter determining in the distribution of collected species. Results are interpreted using a Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and analysis of variance (ANOVA).