Comparative study on the efficacy of Bacillus thuringiensis var. tenebrionis and a neem based insecticide on adults and larvae of Xanthogaleruca luteola (Mull) (Col: Chyrsomelidae) in laboratory Conditions
Samira Hajialiloo Bonab, Gholamhossein Moravvej and Hussein Sadeghi Namaghi
The elm leaf beetle, Xanthogaleruca luteola (Müll). (Col: Chrysomelidae) is one of the most important pests on elm trees in Iran. Due to environmental issues of synthetic insecticides, biorational agents have been advised in control management programs of elm leaf beetle in urban green spaces. The susceptibility of adults and 3rd instar larvae of this pest was evaluated to Bithiran® (Bacillus thuringiensis var. tenebrionis) and NeemAzal®-T/S (Neem based insecticide) using elm leaves dipped in aqueous insecticidal solutions. The mortality was recorded 24 h after treatment. The LC50 values for the third instar larvae and adults were respectively estimated to be 106.83 and 57.6 ppm for BT and 357.17 and 107.61 ppm for Neem. Bithiran® was more effective against X. luteola larvae and adults when compared to NeemAzal®-T/S. Further research on these biorational agents is recommended in field conditions before making any decision on their incorporation in control management programs.
Samira Hajialiloo Bonab, Gholamhossein Moravvej, Hussein Sadeghi Namaghi. Comparative study on the efficacy of Bacillus thuringiensis var. tenebrionis and a neem based insecticide on adults and larvae of Xanthogaleruca luteola (Mull) (Col: Chyrsomelidae) in laboratory Conditions. J Entomol Zool Stud 2016;4(4):1122-1125.