Termite species diversity at four nature reserves in West Sumatra, Indonesia
Alan Handru, Henny Herwina and Dahelmi
This study was aim to investigate the termite species diversity at four nature reserves (Pangean II, Air Putih, Tarusan and Maninjau Utara-Selatan) around Bukit Barisan Mountains in West Sumatra Province by using direct sampling methods along 200 m of interior and edge of forest in each nature reserves. A total of 13 species of termites that belonging to two families, six subfamilies, 10 genera and 1028 individuals was collected. Nasutitermitinae was the highest in number of species (seven species), followed by Macrotermitinae (two species), meanwhile Amitermitinae, Coptotermitinae, Rhinotermitinae, and Termitinae were found only one species respectively. Nasutitermes was the genus with the highest in number of species (three species), followed by Macrotermes (two species) meanwhile Bulbitermes, Coptotermes, Dicuspiditermes, Globitermes, Hospitalitermes, Leucopitermes, Longipeditermes and Schedorhinotermes were found only one species, respectively. Shannon-Wiener Diversity Index for all samples collected was 2.13.