Trachoma and its associate non-chlamydial bacterial conjunctival infection in Sokoto State, Nigeria
Onyilo Eneh Matina, Oyeleke Samuel, Ukatu Victoria Ebere, Naseer, Akeem Abonuola and Rupashree Singh
Occurrence of non-chlamydial bacterial infection along with trachoma are involved in both the progression of conjunctival scarring and the development of corneal blindness. A total of hundred eye swabs were randomly collected from 100 trachoma patients, 25 from each of four health zone: Dango Shuni, Wurno, Gwadabawa and Yabo in Sokoto State, Nigeria. The patients eye swabs were collected and cultured on blood and chocolate agar. Bacteria found to be associated with the infection are Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The susceptibility of isolates was accessed by subjecting them to some commonly used antibiotics; Ampicilin, Tetracycline and Pennicilin. These bacteria were relatively susceptible to Tetracycline and Ampicillin and resistant to Penicillin. The study also revealed that the disease had the highest occurrence amongst the females. Association of trachoma with non-chlamydial bacterial conjunctival infection, needs further investigation, especially with regard to progression of scarring and the risk of blindness.