Hemiptera (Heteroptera) of Sairam-Ugam National Park, Kazakhstan (fauna, biology, ecology and economic significance)
Perizat Abdykadyrovna Esenbekova, Yernur Miramuly Kenzhegaliev and Jurij Homziak
The Hemiptera of Sairam-Ugam National Park, a new preserve recently established in Kazakhstan, was described for the first time along with a summary of life history characteristics and available natural history information. The present study recorded 161 species belonging to 25 families. Terrestrial species (157) comprised 91.4% of the fauna, and the remaining 14 species (8.6%) were aquatic. The most species rich families within the preserve included Miridae (40), Lygaeidae (27), Pentatomidae (25), Rhopalidae (12), Nabidae (10), Anthocoridae (6), Corixidae (5) and Acanthosomatidae (5); the remaining 17 families had 1-4 species. A first record for Kazakhstan of Prostemma gutula (Fabricius) was also reported.