Efficacy of entomopathogenic fungi and botanicals on development of Musca domestica
Kanwar Waqas Ahmad, Shoaib Freed and Rana Fartab Shoukat
The house fly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae) is a cosmopolitan insect pest and an important vector of number of diseases. Entomopathogenic fungi i.e., Beauveria bassianaMetarhizium anisopliae and Isaria fumosorosea and botanicals i.e., Azadirachta indica, Syzygium cumini, Acacia nilotica, Capsicum annum, Coriandrum sativum and Mentha piperita individuallyand as binary mixture were evaluated against M. domestica. The results depicted that the response was concentration dependent. The highest percent mortality (92.5±4.8) was observed in the treatment with LC40 of B. bassiana and LC40 of A. nilotica followed by (85.0±6.5) in treatment with LC40 of Ma-4.1 and LC40 of A. indica,respectively. Synergistic action of entomopathogenic fungi with botanicals was determined in the present study which could be exploited for integrated pest management (IPM) programs. The developed "sugar bait" technique is simple and promising enough to encourage further investigations.