Parasitic diseases account for important health hazard in man and animal in tropical countries like India. Ectoparasites infestation causes a serious loss in health and economy every year in India. They can cause annoyance, irritation, skin infection, anaemia, tick fever as well as act as a vector for various devastating diseases. Thus, ectoparasites control is a matter of great concern. Various chemical acaricides have been prescribed since last 50 years. But, their residual effect, adverse side effect, and resistance are a matter of concern now days. Hence, biological control of ectoparasites gains prime importance in many parasite control program. The present review critically analyzes the different methods for controlling the ectoparasites with special emphasis on the newer approach of the biological, immunological, genetic and pheromone method.