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Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies
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ISSN Print: 2349-6800 | ISSN Online: 2320-7078

Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies

2017, Vol. 5, Issue 2
First molecular detection of Leishmania major DNA within Meriones persicus in new focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Lorestan Province, West of Iran

Hamid Shirmohammadi, Mohammad Hassan Kayedi, Mohammad Reza Abai, Alireza Zahraie Ramazani, Mohammad Moradi, Mehdi Mohebali, Sayena Rafizadeh and Yavar Rassi

In order to determine of vector(s) and reservoir of disease, a study was conducted in some rural areas of Lorestan Province (new focus of disease), west of Iran in 2015-16.
A total of 1202 sand flies were collected and identified as Phlebotomus papatasi, P. sergenti, P. alexandri, P. mongolensis, Sergentomyia dentata, S. sintoni, S. clydei, S. tiberiadis and S. squamipleuris. Phlebotomus papatasi was the dominant species in rodents burrow. Employing ITS1 PCR technique followed by HaeIII enzyme on 350 females of sand flies, only 1 out of 195 P. papatasi (0.5 %), was found positive to Leishmania major.
In this study 14 rodents were captured using Sherman live traps and identified. They were Meriones persicus (85.7%) and M. libycus (14.3%). Among the collected rodents only 1 out of M. persicus (8.3%) was infected with L. major. This was the first report on infection of M. persicus to L. major in the west of Iran.
According to results of present study it seems the P. papatasi and M. persicus are playing as the main vector and reservoir in transmission of cutaneous leishmaniasis to human in west of Iran.
Pages : 1187-1190 | 1169 Views | 55 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Hamid Shirmohammadi, Mohammad Hassan Kayedi, Mohammad Reza Abai, Alireza Zahraie Ramazani, Mohammad Moradi, Mehdi Mohebali, Sayena Rafizadeh, Yavar Rassi. First molecular detection of Leishmania major DNA within Meriones persicus in new focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Lorestan Province, West of Iran. J Entomol Zool Stud 2017;5(2):1187-1190.
Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies
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