Detection of antibiotic residues in milk and milk products of cattle in dairy Farms in Baghdad region
Hassan Ali Abdul Rathe and Orooba MS Al-Shaha
The aim of this study was to evaluate the general hygienic status of the dairy farms, meat and milk products through detecting the antimicrobial residues by using local bacterial isolate Bacillus stearothermophilus which was isolated and diagnosed previously from different soil regions in Baghdad, Iraq.
The local bacterial isolate B stearothermophilus was selected based on its high sensitivity to antibiotics and rapid growth within 2hrs at high temperatures to detect the antibiotic residues in milk and milk products.
Results revealed that B stearothermophilus has abroad spectrum to verify the presence of a multitude antimicrobial substance in milk. However, apart from the specified sensitivities for penicillin G and Sulfadiazine, a substantial number of other antibiotics, sulfonamides and inhibitory substances can be detected at or close to the levels that are defined by the Maximum Residue Level.