Records of aphids and their natural enemies in agro-ecosystem with special reference to horticultural ecosystem of Kashmir
Akhtar Ali Khan and Mohd Abas Shah
An extensive survey of aphid fauna was conducted in agro-ecosystem with special reference to horticultural ecosystem of Kashmir during 2012 to 2015. A total of 51 species of aphids belonging to 30 genera spread over 5 sub families of Aphididae were recorded. Among the recorded species, 13 species and 4 genera are first records from Jammu and Kashmir. The first records of genera are Metopolophium, and Pseudaphis from Jammu and Kashmir. The first records of genera are Metopolophium and Pseudaphis and the first records of aphid species are Aphis verbasci, Aphis rumicis, Aulacorthum solani, Brachycaudus rumexicolens, Capitophorus formosartemisiae, Chaetosiphon fragaefolii, Dysaphis pyri, Macrosiphum euphorbiae, Metopolophium montanum, Myzus dycei and Pseudaphis abyssinica. The aphid species of family Aphididae, stretched over five sub-families viz., Aphidinae (41 species and 21 genera), Eriosomatinae (2 species and 2 genera), Chaitophorinae (3 species and 3 genera), Drepanosiphinae (3 species and 3 genera) and Lachninae (2 species and 2 genera) were found infesting more than 65 species of horticultural crops (vegetables, fruits, floriculture and medicinal crops) and associated flora occurring in diverse areas and localities of Kashmir.