Application of advanced molecular marker technique for improvement of animal: A critical review
Sidharth Prasad Mishra, Chinmoy Mishra, Debi Prasad Mishra, BP Rosalin and Chinmaya Bhuyan
The present study was conducted in collaboration with Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, OUAT and WBUAFS to review on new class of advanced molecular marker techniques derived from combination of earlier basic molecular marker for the genetic improvement of livestock from December, 2016 to June, 2017. In the protein coding region of mtDNA, the cytochrome oxidase I gene has recently gained more attention in developing DNA barcodes for species identification and biodiversity analysis. Among, nuclear marker techniques, RAPD and AFLP are being applied to cDNA based templates to study patterns of gene expression through advanced technique like ESTs and SSCP. While RFPL and microsatellites techniques are used for detecting marker-QTL linkages that accomplished by the use of MAS, genetic fingerprinting and mixture models based on segregation analysis principle. The present study objective was to review the utility of advanced molecular marker technology for selection and genetic improvement of animals.