KPS Saini, B Roy, VN Goutam, Dinesh Thakur, DS Yadav and SS Parihar
Organic farming is aimed to promote animal health and environment sustainability through holistic management for positive health. It promotes biodiversity, biological cycles and soil health. The practice aims to protect human health and conserve, maintain or enhance natural resources, with the goal to preserve the quality of the environment for future generations while being economically sustainable. Organic farming has grown rapidly throughout the world in recent years. Organic production is knowledge and management intensive. Producers must be well versed in organic production standards, principles and practices, which require a high degree of knowledge and skill. Animal production is an important part of organic farming that aims at achieving a balanced relationship between the soil, plants and the animals in a farming system. Each component is as important as the other in contributing to the overall effect and in fulfilling the key values of naturalness, harmony, local circulation of resources and the principle of precaution. Organic livestock farming means raising animals on organic feed and providing access to pasture, along with the restricted usage of antibiotics and hormones. While organic livestock producers use minerals and vitamins as feed additives, most rely on cultural practices to maintain animal health. Most veterinary medicines are prohibited.