Effect of bee pollination, Apis mellifera L. on yield and quality parameters of Bael (Aegle marmelos Correa)
Satya Narayan Satapathy and Umesh Chandra
The present experiment was conducted to mensurate the pollination effect of Apis mellifera L. on yield attributing characters i.e. fruits per panicle, its weight and TSS percentage of cultivar “Narendra Bael 9” at Main Experiment Station, Horticulture and Apiculture laboratory, Narendra Deva University of Agriculture & Technology, Kumarganj, Faizabad (U.P.), India during 2014. Bael is mostly cross pollinated fruit crop and pollination is carried out by various insect visitors. The ‘NB 9’ cultivars were laden with floral buds panicle-1 within 7-10 days 0f emergence of new leaves and reached to its full bloom during the moths of May- June, when days were long and temperature was so high. From the four treatments, i.e. pollination by honeybee only, natural pollination with augmentation of honey bees, natural pollination and control (no pollination), maximum average number of fruit panicle-1, average fruit weight and average TSS percentage were 27.3, 2.05 kg and 41.3% in natural pollination with augmentation of honey bees while minimum 1.3, 1.8 kg and 35.7% were observed in control. Similarly an increase of 2000.00%, 8.46% and 15.68% over control and 47.56%, 6.22% and 5.08% over natural pollination was observed in average number of fruit panicle⁻¹, average fruit weight and average TSS percentage under the treatment natural pollination with augmentation of honey bees.