A brief review on toxicity of Abrus precatorius in animals
Arjun Kafle, Sushree Sangita Mohapatra and Indrapal Reddy
Although ornamental for humans, Abrus precatorius is not so when it comes to livestock. Plant bears feather like leaves with active ingredient concentrate in the seed mostly. Poisoning in both humans and animals are common due to the attractive appearance of the seed, shiny red color with black eye at the top. Malicious poisoning in cattle is very frequently encountered; the effected animal shows local signs of poisoning as necrosed lesions on the stabbed site. Crushed seeds when consumed, exhibits series of digestive disturbances viz. diarrhea, vomiton (in capable species) and severe dehydration to name a few. Nevertheless, the seed when taken orally also imparts to systemic toxicities with signs such as drowyness, staggering gait, coma, convulsion and death in severe cases. Line of treatment is based on the symptoms observed.