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Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies
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ISSN Print: 2349-6800 | ISSN Online: 2320-7078

Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies

2022, Vol. 10, Issue 5
A study of morphometric traits and length-length relationships of the butterfly, Melanitis phedima (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)

Shah HA Mahdi, Md. Mehedi Hasan Shawon, Md. Nasir Uddin, Md. Abdur Rahim and Istiak Mahfuz

The present study deals with the investigation of the morphometric traits including morphometric lengths and length-length relationships (LLRs) of the dark evening brown butterfly, Melanitis phedima (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Butterflies were sampled randomly from the Rajshahi University campus, Bangladesh. The pictures of butterflies were taken with a DSLR camera (Canon 750D), and a total of 14 different morphometric lengths from the body, antenna, wings (6 parameters), legs (2 parameters) and wing venation (4 parameters) were measured using ImageJ software (1.52a). The minimum and maximum body length (BL) were recorded at 19.15 mm and 24.85 mm from M. phedima respectively, whereas the mean body length was 22.02±1.45 mm. This study found FL (Foreleg) as the short trait at 12.90 mm, while FWBA (Forewing Base-Apex) was the long trait at 45.86 mm. The length of FWBA was 88.75% longer than BL and HWAT (Hindwing Apex-Tornus) was 40.25% longer. On the other hand, lengths of antennae length (AL), total foreleg (TFL) and total hindleg (THL) were shorter compared to BL. According to the coefficient of determination (r2), all values were ³ 0.75 which indicates the positive relationship between BL and selected 13 traits and the best-fitted model of LLRs was BL vs. HWBA (Hindwing Base-Apex) among these equations (r2= 0.89). The allometric coefficient ‘b’ indicated the isometric growth for BL vs. HWBT and BL vs. HWAT, and negative allometric growth for BL vs. FWBA (b < 1), and the rest 10 traits showed positive allometric growth (b > 1). The results would be very effective for the study of butterfly taxonomy as a great tool in species and subspecies identification.
Pages : 30-34 | 110 Views | 22 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Shah HA Mahdi, Md. Mehedi Hasan Shawon, Md. Nasir Uddin, Md. Abdur Rahim, Istiak Mahfuz. A study of morphometric traits and length-length relationships of the butterfly, Melanitis phedima (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). J Entomol Zool Stud 2022;10(5):30-34. DOI: 10.22271/j.ento.2022.v10.i5a.9047

Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies
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