Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies


Volume 3, Issue 1


Effect of morpho-physio chemical plant factors on preference of Lasioderma serricorne (f.) (Coleoptera: Anobiidae) on four cultivars of tobacco

Author(s): Muhammad Saeed, Sher Aslam Khan, Muhammad Liaquat, Abid Farid, Ayub Khan, Shah Masaud Khan, Bashir Ahmad, Tahir Badshah

Abstract: Four tobacco cultivars viz. Flue-cured Virginia (FCV), Sun-cured Rustica (SCR), Dark Air-cured (DAC) and Air-cured Burley (ACB) were evaluated for preference by larvae and adults of Lasioderma serricorne. Leaf thickness (LT), moisture content (MC), nicotine, total sugars (TS), starch, chlorides and potassium contents were determined and the impact of these factors on beetle preference was worked out. FCV tobacco was highly preferred by both larvae (2.18) and adults (1.49) due to high percentages of MC (12.50), TS (15.84) and starch (6.89). ACB was least preferred due to low contents of MC (11.40%), TS (1.29%) and starch (1.14%). Potassium had negatively significant effect on the beetleā€™s preference. Regression analyses revealed a positive relationship of larvae and adults with MC (0.780, 0.803) TS (0.866, 0.713) and starch (0.888, 0.765) while a negative relationship with potassium (-0.684, -0.407). LT (0.155, 0.101) nicotine (-0.047, -0.277) and chlorides (0.163, 0.305) had non-significant association with preference by both larvae and adults respectively. The relationship between MC, TS and starch is direct curvilinear as their increase had encouraged the population of L. serricorne.

Fig: World-wide distribution map of L. serricorne

Fig: World-wide distribution map of L. serricorne


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